What is the function of an interrogative sentence? My boss isn't going to be very happy! We have already made a decision before speaking. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. 2. Don't forget to use the short form. Ou seja, quando uma ação já está planejada e irá acontecer num futuro próximo. When are the best days to go to the mall? Task No. The purpose of this sentence is to report that he asked something, it is not to ask the question "Do you still want to go to the show?". We use going to when we have the intention to do something before we speak. We're going to go to the dentist's next week. Function. 1. For example: These are "or" questions that are designed to offer one or more choices in the context of the question. The use of going to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present. Example: on the wall? Ann's going to make a sandwich for dinner. 4. Don write a letter at the weekend. You're going to miss your train! For example: Tag questions are added on to the end of declarative sentences. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. ; We're not going to paint our bedroom tomorrow. I'm not going to see him tomorrow. How do we use going to? Subject auxiliarY Going to verb (Infinitive) Examples; I: am not 'm not: going to: swim: I'm not going to swim at the beach. To eliminate confusion, begin a question with a question word or verb and end it with a question mark to make sure you have really made an interrogative sentence. Is the dog okay, or should we go to the vet? It asks us something or requests information (as opposed to a statement which tells us something or gives information). Would you like cookies or a banana for dessert? "Going to" se emplea sobre todo para hablar de nuestros planes e intenciones, o para realizar predicciones basadas en evidencias actuales. You're going to phone Phil tomorrow. Uso de "going to" para referirse a planes e intenciones All Rights Reserved. In everyday speech, going to is often shortened to gonna, especially in American English, but it is never written that way. When you want an answer to a question, it's crucial to ask it directly in your writing or speaking, instead of creating an indirect question like this. The time is not important, it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on something in the present situation that we know about. Auxiliary Subject going to Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't) Are: you: going to Â© EF Education First 2020. The basic function (job) of an interrogative sentence is to ask a direct question. going to for prediction. For example: Whether open-ended or not, interrogative sentences always ask direct questions. For example: In this sentence, the subject "Suzie" is sandwiched between the helping verb "did" and the main verb "leave." Questions without question words in the going to-future. Here are some examples: The sky is very black. A declarative sentence makes a statement and follows standard subject-verb word order, but you can add a short question offset by a comma to make it an interrogative fragment. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in … Our prediction is based on present evidence. 3. Will you be home soon, or should I eat without you? Tag questions usually ask for confirmation. It's going to rain soon. It is one of the four basic types of sentences, and it's a highly useful one. 6. El uso de "going to" para referirse a eventos futuros sugiere un vínculo muy sólido con el presente.El momento preciso no es relevante, es posterior al ahora, pero la actitud implica que dicho evento depende de algo que sabemos sobre la situación actual. Función. (tú) No vas a nadar a la playa. Is Jim going to cook dinner for us tonight? They start with a verb or helping verb followed by the subject. The going to of this future construction is frequently contracted in colloquial English to (be) gonna, and in some forms of English the copula may also be omitted. (main verb is elided). I was wondering if I could buy you dinner. Going is mainly used to refer to our plans and intentions or to make predictions based on present evidence. For example: In this sentence, "deadline" is the subject and "is" is the verb. Mind the word order in questions. Bill's going to wear a suit to the wedding. Intermediate. When we use going in a phrase to talk about the future, the form is composed of three elements:the verb to be conjugated to match the subject + going + the infinitive of the main verb. Show example. He says he's going to buy a Porsche. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in … We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. 8. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to ask yes-no and open-ended questions about future events. For example: Often times an interrogative sentence requires a helping verb. 7. We are saying what we think will happen. While your meaning may still be clear, it is a little rambling and not technically an interrogative sentence. These direct questions will lead you to the answers you seek in the most straightforward manner. Example sentences, explanations and exercises for students and teachers Sentence Practice. I don’t know. The verb comes before the subject in a direct question. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. 2. Do you need help? Going To - Negative Complete the following sentences using the negative of going to. In these cases, the subject comes between the helping verb and the main verb. Examine the examples below to get a feel for how this works in practice: In some cases, the question word itself serves as the subject of the sentence, because the subject is unknown — in fact, answering the question will provide the subject. 1. It's going to snow. going to for intention. Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. Negative and Interrogative Sentences With Be Going To, Be ~Ing: Is Jim going to cook dinner for us? Ellen and Harry are going to watch TV tonight. 5. I'm going to eat that cake. En el discurso cotidiano, "going to" suele acortarse como "gonna", especialmente en inglés americano, aunque nunca se escribe así. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in more detail in expository writing. 3. For example: The word "if" sets up the indirect question that is embedded in this declarative sentence. These questions are designed to be answered simply with either an affirmative or a negative. Could you imagine life without questions? O going to é uma expressão utilizada no inglês para falar de planos e intenções futuras. What next? The use of going to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present.The time is not important, it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on something in the present situation that we know about. 5. 1361. He asked if I still wanted to go to the show. I crashed the company car. We use object + am / is / are + going to + be + verb3 (past participle) to form going to future passive voice. Look at these examples: Jo has won the lottery. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. It's 8.30! Read about declarative, imperative and exclamatory sentences in our Types of Sentences article. Use the going to-future. Ele é usado quando a pessoa já decidiu o que vai fazer. Exercise 1. You: are not aren't: You're not going to swim at the beach. Interrogative sentences can be in positive or negative form, and in any tense. Example: I _____ see him tomorrow. She's going to have a party for her birthday. Who is the best shortstop in the Major Leagues? ; When are you going to go on holiday? (yo) No voy a nadar a la playa. Do you think I should go home or stay a little longer? Questions in the going to-future – Exercise 2. However, here the word order is usually changed to put the verb before the subject. It should be noted that this is different from indirect questions, which are declarative sentences that report a question that was asked in another context. (negative interrogative form) We were going to tell you earlier. We be at the party on Saturday night. This happens frequently in direct questions: In addition to the open-ended interrogative sentences described above, there are a few other types of interrogatives. (past form of the going-to future, formed with the past copula were) Yes I'm going to. (the cat/to sit) Answer: Is the cat going to sit on the wall? 4. Going to affirmative negative and interrogative practise the structure of going to sentences in affirmative, negative and interogative ID: 225470 Idioma: inglés Asignatura: English as a Second Language (ESL) Curso/nivel: 2º secundaria Edad: 12-13 Tema principal: Going to future An open-ended question usually begins with a "question word" in English: So start your open-ended interrogative sentence with a question word, then continue the sentence with the verb and the subject. (él) No va a nadar a la playa. They walk the dog later. An interrogative sentence asks a direct question and is punctuated at the end with a question mark. 9. They also begin with a verb or a helping verb. All rights reserved. Like all complete sentences in English, an interrogative sentence must contain a subject and a verb. He: is not isn't: He's not going to swim at the beach. She: She's not going to swim at the beach. Is it going to rain a lot in Australia this year?. The climate of Australia is significantly influenced by ocean currents, including the Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Niño – Southern Oscillation, which is correlated with periodic drought, and the seasonal tropical low-pressure system that produces ciclones in northern Australia.
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